“The element of chance was important as they believed everything had become pointless and damaged – there was no point trying to use skill or spend time creating anything of quality.”
- With reference to this statement, find 3 Dada examples.
Perhaps the most famous and controversial Dada artwork of all was Marcel Duchamp’s Fountain. It consisted only of a urinal set on its back, but it raised a powerful question: “What exactly is worthy to be called art?” After all, this work of art is just an ugly toilet. But more than just being unappealing to look at, Fountain also attacked the idea that art takes time and effort to make. Duchamp called it a “readymade” piece. . . something we call “found art” today.
Dadaists created Three dimensional works of ‘art comprising elements’ this became known as assemblage. Works such as ‘Mechanical head’ by Raoul Hausmann looks exactly like a three-dimensional collage piece—in that he used a basic sculpted head and then attached various found objects to it. Artists often created mundane works to illustrate the ‘meaningless’ of materialism and society. The random objects attached to the head suggest that this work was Anti-Art.
Photomontages also became a popular addition to the Dada movement. The technique of photo-montage was embraced by artists such as Raoul Hausmann, this is evident in piece ABCD. Artists appropriated photographs, newspaper cutoffs, maps and other reproductions from press to comment on the mass media and modernism. This work is an example of Anti-Art as it shows poor technique oh purpose.
- Do you think their work is meaningless? Do you think that their style has had an impact on Art in the 21st Century? Explain your reasons.
I don’t think their work is meaningless but I wouldn’t consider it art and they didn’t even consider it as art. Dadaists rebelled against the society and made what they called “Anti-Art” to comment on their decline of nationalism, rationalism, materialism and the war. At the time of Dada the order of the world destroyed by World War I, Dada was a way to express the confusion that was felt by many people as their world was turned upside down and that confusion can be seen through their “art”. Dada style has had an impact on Art in the 21st Century as it inspired some artists to use collage in their artwork and make sculptures out of found objects.